This article is about the Hindu festival. For the related Jain festival, see Diwali (Jainism).
"Dipavali" and "Deepavali" redirect here. For the related Nepalese festival, see Tihar. For the films, see Deepavali (disambiguation).
|Diwali / Deepavali|
Rangoli decorations, made using coloured powder or sand, are popular during Diwali.
|Observed by||Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Newar Buddhists|
|Type||Cultural, seasonal, religious|
|Celebrations||Diya and lighting, home decoration, shopping, fireworks, puja (prayers), gifts, performing religious rituals, feast and sweets|
|Begins||Dhanteras, two days before Diwali|
|Ends||Bhai Dooj, two days after Diwali|
|Date||Varies per Hindu calendar|
|2017 date||19 October (Thursday)|
18 October (Wednesday) in South India & Singapore
|Related to||Kali Puja, Galungan, Diwali (Jainism), Bandi Chhor Divas, Tihar, Swanti|
Diwali or Deepavali is the Hindu festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere). It is an official holiday in Fiji, Guyana, India,Malaysia, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago. On the island of Jamaica, it is celebrated proudly by the Indo-Jamaican community, however in 2010 it was inaugurated as an official yearly event at the historic Devon House residence for the first time, in an effort to celebrate the country's Indian heritage on a national level. One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, it spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, knowledge over ignorance, and hope over despair. Its celebration includes millions of lights shining on housetops, outside doors and windows, around temples and other buildings in the communities and countries where it is observed. The festival preparations and rituals typically extend over four to six day period. The word Diwali is used by some communities to mean all the festivities while others think of it as one festival night on the no moon day of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika in Bikram Sambat calendar (the month of Aippasi in Tamil Calendar). In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali falls in mid-October and mid-November.
Before Diwali, people clean, renovate, and decorate their homes and offices. During Diwali, people dress up in new clothes or their best outfits, light up diyas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, participate in family puja (prayers) to Lakshmi – the goddess of prosperity, light fireworks, engage in family feasts, sharing mithai (sweets), and exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Diwali also marks a major shopping period in nations where it is celebrated.
The name of festive days as well as the rituals of Diwali vary significantly among Hindus, based on the region of India. In many parts of India, the festivities start with Vasubaras, the day for the cattle, followed by Dhanteras or Dhanatrayodashi (in northern and western part of India). Dhanteras is followed by Naraka Chaturdasi and Laxmi Puja. Laxmi Puja on the no moon day is considered the main day of Diwali in some communities. Next day after the no moon day, is Goverdhan pooja in Northern part of the country. On the same day, in some places, Diwali Padva is celebrated which is dedicated to the relationship of wife and husband. The festivities end with Bhai Dooj dedicated to the bond between sister and brother. Dhanteras usually falls eighteen days after Dussehra.
On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival also called Diwali to mark the attainment of moksha by Mahavira,Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas to mark the release of Guru Hargobind from a Mughal Empire prison, and Newar Buddhists, unlike the majority of Buddhists, celebrate Diwali by worshipping Lakshmi.
Etymology and nomenclature
Diwali festivities include a celebration of sights, sounds, arts and flavors. The festivities vary between different regions.
Diwali (English:) or Sanskritdīpāvali means "series of lights", and is derived from dīpam "light, lamp" and oli "glow of light". Diwali is also known as dīpotsavam "festival of lights".
The holiday is known as dipawoli in Assamese: দীপাৱলী, dipaboli or dipali in Bengali: দীপাবলি/দীপালি, divāḷi in Gujarati: દિવાળી, divālī in Hindi: दिवाली, dīpavaḷi in Kannada: ದೀಪಾವಳಿ, Konkani: दिवाळी, Malayalam: ദീപാവലി, Marathi: दिवाळी, dipābali in Odia: ଦିପାବଳୀ, dīvālī in Punjabi: ਦੀਵਾਲੀ, diyārī in Sindhi: दियारी, tīpāvaḷi in Tamil: தீபாவளி, and Telugu: దీపావళి, Galungan in Balinese and Swanti in Nepali: स्वन्ति or tihar in Nepali: तिहार and Thudar Parba in Tulu: ತುಡರ್ ಪರ್ಬ.
Diwali dates back to ancient times in India, as a festival after the summer harvest in the Hindu calendar month of Kartika. The festival is mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as the Padma Purana, the Skanda Purana both completed in second half of 1st millennium AD but believed to have been expanded from a core text from an earlier era. The diyas (lamps) are mentioned in Skanda Purana to symbolically represent parts of the sun, the cosmic giver of light and energy to all life, who seasonally transitions in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik.
Hindus in some regions of India associate Diwali with the legend of Yama and Nachiketa on Kartika amavasya (Diwali night). The Nachiketa story about right versus wrong, true wealth versus transient wealth, knowledge versus ignorance is recorded in Katha Upanishad composed in 1st millennium BC.
King Harsha in the 7th century Sanskrit play Nagananda mentions Deepavali as Deepapratipadutsava (Deepa = light, pratipada = first day, utsava = festival), where lamps were lit and newly engaged brides and grooms were given gifts.Rajasekhara referred to Deepavali as Dipamalika in his 9th century Kavyamimamsa, wherein he mentions the tradition of homes being whitewashed and oil lamps decorating homes, streets and markets in the night. The Persian traveller and historian Al Biruni, in his 11th century memoir on India, wrote of Deepavali being celebrated by Hindus on New Moon day of the month of Kartika.
Diwali is one of the happiest holidays in India and Nepal with significant preparations. People clean their homes and decorate them for the festivities. Diwali is one of the biggest shopping seasons in India and Nepal; people buy new clothes for themselves and their families, as well as gifts, appliances, kitchen utensils, even expensive items such as cars and gold jewellery. People also buy gifts for family members and friends which typically include sweets, dry fruits, and seasonal specialties depending on regional harvest and customs. It is also the period when children hear ancient stories, legends about battles between good and evil or light and darkness from their parents and elders. Girls and women go shopping and create rangoli and other creative patterns on floors, near doors and walkways. Youth and adults alike help with lighting and preparing for patakhe (fireworks).
There is significant variation in regional practices and rituals. Depending on the region, prayers are offered before one or more deities, with most common being Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity. On Diwali night, fireworks light up the neighborhood skies. Later, family members and invited friends celebrate the night over food and sweets.
Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs and Newar Buddhists to mark different historical events and stories, but they all symbolise the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, hope over despair.
The mythical stories told for Diwali vary regionally and within the traditions of Hinduism. Yet, they all point to joy and the celebration of Diwali with lights to be a reminder of the importance of knowledge, self inquiry, self-improvement, knowing and seeking the good and the right path. It is a metaphor for resisting evil, for dispelling darkness and for compassion to others. Diwali is the celebration of this inner light over spiritual darkness, of knowledge over ignorance and right over wrong. It is a festive restatement of the Hindu belief that the good ultimately triumphs over evil.
The religious significance of Deepavali varies regionally within India, depending on the school of Hindu philosophy, regional, legends, and beliefs.
Hindus across the world celebrate Diwali in honor of the return of Lord Rama, wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and lord Hanuman to Ayodhya from exile of 14 years after Rama defeated Ravana. To honor and celebrate Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman returning from Sri Lanka and to illuminate their path, villagers light Diyas to celebrate the triumph of good over evil. For some, Diwali also celebrates the return of Pandavas after 12 years of Vanvas and one year of "Agyatavas" in Mahabharata. Furthermore, Deepavali is linked to the celebration of Lakshmi, who is venerated amongst Hindus as the goddess of wealth and prosperity and is the wife of Lord Vishnu. The 5-day festival of Diwali begins on the day Goddess Lakshmi was born from the churning of cosmic ocean of milk by the Devas (gods) and the Asuras (demons); while the night of Diwali is the day Lakshmi chose Vishnu as her husband and they were married. Along with Lakshmi, devotees make offerings to Ganesha, who symbolizes ethical beginnings and fearless remover of obstacles; Saraswati, who embodies music, literature and learning and Kubera, who symbolizes book-keeping, treasury and wealth management. Other Hindus believe that Diwali is the day Vishnu came back to Lakshmi and their abode in the Vaikuntha; so those who worship Lakshmi receive the benefit of her good mood, and therefore are blessed with mental, physical and material wellbeing during the year ahead.
Hindus in India's eastern region, such as Odisha and West Bengal, worship the goddess Kali instead of Lakshmi, and call the festival Kali Puja. In India's Braj and north central regions, the god Krishna is recognized. People mark Mount Govardhan, and celebrate legends about Krishna. In other regions, the feast of Govardhan Puja (or Annakoot) is celebrated, with 56 or 108 different cuisines prepared, offered to Krishna, then shared and celebrated by the local community.
In West and certain Northern parts of India, the festival of Diwali marks the start of a new Hindu year.
Main article: Bandi Chhor Divas
Diwali for Sikhs marks the Bandi Chhor Divas, when Guru Har Gobind freed himself and some Hindu Rajahs, from the Gwalior Fort, from the prison of the Mughal emperor, Jahangir, and arrived at the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Ever since then, Sikhs celebrate Bandi Choorh Divas, with the annual lighting up of Golden Temple, fireworks and other festivities. In the post-Guru Gobind Singh era, Sarbat Khalsa used to meet on Diwali and Baisakhi to discuss important issues concerning Sikh community.
Main article: Diwali (Jainism)
Diwali has special significance in Jainism. Mahavira, the last of the Tirthankar of this era, attained Nirvana on this day at Pavapuri on 15 October 527 BCE, on Kartik Krishna Amavasya. According to the Kalpasutra by AcharyaBhadrabahu, 3rd century BC, many gods were present there, illuminating the darkness. Therefore, Jains celebrate Diwali as a day of remembering Mahavira. On Diwali morning, Nirvan Ladoo is offered after praying to Mahavira in all Jain temples all across the world. Gautam Gandhar Swami, the chief disciple of Mahavira achieved omniscience(Kevala Gyan) later the same day.
The Newar people in Nepal, who are Buddhist and revere various deities in the Vajrayana tradition, celebrate the festival by worshipping Lakshmi. The Newar Buddhists in Nepalese valleys celebrate the Diwali festival over five days, in the same way and on the same days as the Hindu Diwali-Tihar festival. According to some scholars, this traditional celebration by Newar Buddhists in Nepal, involving Lakshmi and Vishnu during Diwali, reflects the freedom granted in the Mahayana Buddhism tradition to worship any deity for their worldly betterment.
Description and rituals
Diwali is a five-day festival in many regions of India, with Diwali night centering on the new moon – the darkest night – at the end of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin and the start of the month of Kartika. In the Common Era calendar, Diwali typically falls towards the end of October, or first half of November each year. The darkest night of autumn lit with diyas, candles and lanterns, makes the festival of lights particularly memorable. Diwali is also a festival of sounds and sights with fireworks and rangoli designs; the festival is a major celebration of flavors with feasts and numerous mithai (sweets, desserts), as well as a festival of emotions where Diwali ritually brings family and friends together every year.
Rituals and preparations for Diwali begin days or weeks in advance. The festival formally begins two days before the night of Diwali, and ends two days thereafter. Each day has the following rituals and significance:
Dhanteras (Day 1)
Main article: Dhanteras
Dhanteras or Dhanatrayodashi (celebrated in Northern and Western part of India) starts off the five day festival. Starting days before and through Dhanteras, houses and business premises are cleaned, renovated and decorated. Women and children decorate entrances with Rangoli – creative colourful floor designs both inside and in the walkways of their homes or offices. Boys and men get busy with external lighting arrangements and completing all renovation work in progress. For some, the day celebrates the churning of cosmic ocean of milk between the forces of good and forces of evil; this day marks the birthday of Lakshmi – the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity, and the birthday of Dhanvantari – the God of Health and Healing. On the night of Dhanteras, diyas (lamps) are ritually kept burning all through the nights in honor of Lakshmi and Dhanvantari.
Dhanteras is also a major shopping day, particularly for gold or silver articles. Merchants, traders and retailers stock up, put articles on sale, and prepare for this day. Lakshmi Puja is performed in the evening. Some people decorate their shops, work place or items symbolizing their source of sustenance and prosperity.
Naraka Chaturdasi (Day 2)
Main article: Naraka Chaturdashi
Narak Chaturdasi is the second day of festivities, and is also called Choti Diwali. The Hindu literature narrates that the asura (demon) Narakasura was killed on this day by Krishna, Satyabhama and Kali. The day is celebrated by early morning religious rituals and festivities followed on. This day is commonly celebrated as Diwali in Tamil Nadu, Goa and Karnataka. Typically, house decoration and colourful floor patterns called rangoli are made on or before Narak Chaturdasi. Special bathing rituals such as a fragrant oil bath are held in some regions, followed by minor pujas. Women decorate their hands with henna designs. Families are also busy preparing homemade sweets for main Diwali.
Lakshmi Puja (Day 3)
Main article: Lakshmi Puja
The third day is the main festive day. People wear new clothes or their best outfits as the evening approaches. Then diyas are lit, pujas are offered to Lakshmi, and to one or more additional deities depending on the region of India; typically Ganesha, Saraswati, and Kubera. Lakshmi symbolises wealth and prosperity, and her blessings are invoked for a good year ahead.
Lakshmi is believed to roam the earth on Diwali night. On the evening of Diwali, people open their doors and windows to welcome Lakshmi, and place diya lights on their windowsills and balcony ledges to invite her in. On this day, the mothers who work hard all year, are recognized by the family and she is seen to embody a part of Lakshmi, the good fortune and prosperity of the household. Small earthenware lamps filled with oil are lighted and placed in rows by some Hindus along the parapets of temples and houses. Some set diyas adrift on rivers and streams. Important relationships and friendships are also recognized during the day, by visiting relatives and friends, exchanging gifts and sweets.
After the puja, people go outside and celebrate by lighting up patakhe (fireworks). The children enjoy sparklers and variety of small fireworks, while adults enjoy playing with ground chakra, Vishnu chakra, flowerpots (anaar), sutli bomb, chocolate bomb, rockets and bigger fireworks. The fireworks signify celebration of Diwali as well a way to chase away evil spirits. After fireworks, people head back to a family feast, conversations and mithai (sweets, desserts).
Padwa, Balipratipada (Day 4)
Main article: Balipratipada
The day after Diwali, is celebrated as Padwa. This day ritually celebrates the love and mutual devotion between the wife and husband. The husbands give thoughtful gifts, or elaborate ones to respective spouses. In many regions, newly married daughters with their husbands are invited for special meals. Sometimes brothers go and pick up their sisters from their in-laws home for this important day. The day is also a special day for the married couple, in a manner similar to anniversaries elsewhere in the world. The day after Diwali devotees perform Goverdhan puja in honor of Lord Krishna.
Diwali also marks the beginning of new year, in some parts of India, where the Hindu Vikram Samvat calendar is popular. Merchants and shopkeepers close out their old year, and start a new fiscal year with blessings from Lakshmi and other deities.
Bhai Duj, Bhaiya Dooji (Day 5)
Main article: Bhau-beej
The last day of the festival is called Bhai dooj (Brother's second) or Bhai tika in Nepal, where it is the major day of the festival. It celebrates the sister-brother loving relationship, in a spirit similar to Raksha Bandhan but with different rituals. The day ritually emphasizes the love and lifelong bond between siblings. It is a day when women and girls get together, perform a puja with prayers for the well being of their brothers, then return to a ritual of food-sharing, gift-giving and conversations. In historic times, this was a day in autumn when brothers would travel to meet their sisters, or bring over their sister's family to their village homes to celebrate their sister-brother bond with the bounty of seasonal harvests.
Festival of lights
The word Diwali means the row(avali) of clay lamps(deepas) which symbolizes the lighting that protect us from spiritual darkness, achieving knowledge from ignorance, love from hatred. They decorate their entire home with oil lamps, earthen lamps, candles, lights throughout the day into the night to prevent darkness and evil.
The first thing that strikes our mind is crackers, lightings, colours in the dark new moon night sky.
Festival of peace
On this festive occasion, Hindu, Jain and Sikh communities also mark charitable causes, kindness, and for peace. For example, at the international border, every year on Diwali, Indian forces approach Pakistani forces and offer traditional Indian sweets on the occasion of Diwali. The Pakistani soldiers anticipating the gesture, return the goodwill with an assortment of Pakistani sweets.
New Year celebrations
Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival celebrated all over India to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Father of the Nation).
Essay on Gandhi Jayanti
Gandhi jayanti is one of the important national events of India celebrated every year on 2nd of October, a birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. We have provided essay on Gandhi Jayanti in order to help students as they generally get assigned for the same when the date comes closer. Following Gandhi Jayanti essay are written using very simple words under various words limit according to the need and requirement of students of different class standard. Essay and paragraph writing competitions are generally organized in the schools in order to celebrate this national event. Dear students you can select any essay given below according to your need and requirement.
Gandhi Jayanti Essay 1 (100 words)
Gandhi Jayanti is the birth anniversary of the father of the nation (Mahatma Gandhi, also called Bapu). Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on 2nd of October as a national event all over the India. It is celebrated by organizing many purposeful activities in the schools, colleges, educational institutions, government offices, communities, society, and other places. 2nd of October has been declared as the national holiday by the government of India. At this day, government offices, banks, schools, colleges, companies, etc all through the India remain closed however it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and lots of preparations.
Gandhi Jayanti Essay 2 (150 words)
Gandhi Jayanti is one of the 3 national holidays of India (other two are Independence day and Republic day). It is celebrated every year on 2nd of October to pay tribute to the Father of the Nation means Mahatma Gandhi. It is considered as one of the historical occasions that’s why on 2nd of October all the bad activities like selling of alcohol is strictly prohibited by the government in order to show respect of nation to its patriotic leader. 2nd of October in 1869 was the day when this legendary leader took birth. It is celebrated all over the India in each state and Union Territory.
One of the great importance of cerebrating this day is; 2nd of October has been declared as the International Day of Non Violence by the United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June in 2007. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in order to pay honor and memorize the national legend, Mahatma Gandhi, who struggled a lot against British rule for the independence of India throughout his life.
Gandhi Jayanti Essay 3 (200 words)
Gandhi Jayanti is the birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi celebrated all across the country on 2nd of October as a national event. It is celebrated as the national holiday in order to pay honor to the Father of the nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (popularly known as Bapu). This day is internationally celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence after the declaration by the United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June in 2007. Gandhi ji was the preacher of non-violence and he followed the way of non-violence all through his struggle for independence of country. He is remembered today by us as a symbol of peace and truth.
Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday, so all the schools, colleges, government and private offices remain closed for whole day. Bapu has been set before us and all the future generations as an example of simple living and high thinking. He was always against smoking and drinking that’s why on Gandhi Jayanti selling of alcohol is prohibited whole day by the government. He was a patriotic leader who started the non-violence movement for the independence of India from British rule. His significant role in the achievement of independence of India is unforgettable. We pay a heartily tribute every year by remembering him and his works on his birthday anniversary, the Gandhi Jayanti.
Gandhi Jayanti Essay 4 (250 words)
Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated all through the India every year on 2nd of October to mark the birth anniversary of the Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He is well known as Father of the Nation or Bapu. This title is not declared officially to him as it is not permitted by the Constitution of India to make someone a father of nation. The birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi has been declared as International Day of Non-Violence by The United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June 2007. Gandhi is celebrated as the national holiday all through the India however as International Day of Non-Violence all through the world.
Schools and government offices remain closed at this day all over the country. It is observed in all the states and union territories of India. It is celebrated as one of the three national events of India (other two are Independence Day, 15 August and Republic Day, 26 January). It is marked by including some important activities such as prayer services, tributes by the government officials at Raj Ghat, Gandhi’s memorial in New Delhi (cremation place). Other activities are like prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies, drama play, speech recitation (on the themes like non-violence, glorifying peace, and Gandhi’s effort in Indian Freedom Struggle), essay writing, quiz competition, painting competition, poem recitation, etc in the schools, colleges, local government institutions and sociopolitical institutions. Best award is granted to the students doing best in any of the competition. At this day, his favorite bhajan, Raghupathi Raghava Rajaram, is generally sung in his memory during celebration.
Gandhi Jayanti Essay 5 (300 words)
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year as the third important national event. It is celebrated on 2nd of October by the Indian people all over the country to pay tribute to the Mahatma Gandhi at his birthday. He is popularly known as the Father of the Nation or Bapu. He was a patriotic leader and led the country all through the Indian independence movement by following the way of non-violence. According to him, truth and non-violence are the only tools to win the fight for independence from British rule. He went to the jail many times however continued his non-violence movement till the freedom of country. He was always in the favor of social equality however against untouchability.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with huge preparations at the Raj Ghat or Gandhiji’s Samadhi in New Delhi by the government officials. Cremation place at Raj Ghat gets decorated with garlands and flowers. A homage is paid to this great leader by placing wreaths at the Samadhi and some flowers. A religious prayer is also held in the morning at samadhi. It is celebrated as the national festival especially by the students in schools and colleges all over the country.
Students celebrate this occasion by playing drama, reciting poem, song, speech, essay writing, and participating in other activities like quiz competition, painting competition, etc based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi and his works. His most favorite devotional song ”Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram” is also sung by the students in his memory. Best performing students are awarded with the prizes. He has been the role model and inspirational leader for many political leaders and especially the youths of the country. Other great leaders such as Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, James Lawson, etc got inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of non-violence and peaceful way to fight for freedom and liberty.
Gandhi Jayanti Essay 6 (400 words)
Gandhi Jayanti is a national event celebrated every year to pay tribute to the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi. This day is also celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence all over the world. Gandhi Jayanti has been declared as International Day of Non-Violence by the United Nations General Assembly on 15th of June 2007. Gandhi Jayanti is observed as a national holiday all through the country in order to commemorate the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (born on 2nd of October in 1869). His non-violence movement for independence of India is still continues influencing political leaders and youths of our own country as well as other countries worldwide.
The aim of celebrating Gandhi Jayanti as the International Day of non-violence is to distribute Bapu’s philosophy, believe in non-violence, principle, etc all over the world. It is celebrated through theme based proper activities in order to enhance the public awareness worldwide. Gandhi Jayanti celebration involves commemorating Mahatma Gandhi’s life and his contributions in India’s Independence. He was born in a small coastal town (Porbandar, Gujarat) however he performed great works all through his life which still influences the people in advance era.
He worked great for achieving Sawaraj, remove untouchability from society, abolition of other social evils, improving economic condition of farmers, empowering women rights and many more. The movements run by him are non-cooperation movement in 1920, Dandi March or Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and Quit India Movement in 1942 in order to help Indian people in getting freedom from British rule. His Quit India Movement was a call to British to leave India. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in various innovative ways by the students, teachers, government officials, etc all over the country. It is celebrated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi by offering flowers on Gandhi’s statues, singing his favorite devotional song “Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram” and other ceremonial activities by the government officials.
It is one of the three National Holidays of the country (other two are Independence Day and Republic Day) celebrated every year in the schools, colleges, educational institutions, government and non-government organizations, etc. Schools, colleges, government offices, post offices, banks, etc remain closed on Gandhi Jayanti in order to pay tribute to the great leader of India. We remember Bapu and his great deeds by celebrating the Gandhi Jayanti. Students are assigned for various tasks to perform at this day such as poem or speech recitation, drama play, essay writing, slogan writing, group discussion, etc based on the life and works of Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhi Jayanti Speech
Mahatma Gandhi Essay
Slogans on Mahatma Gandhi