Zarb E Azb Essay Definition

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His words are echoing today loud and clear and with the pride of the dutifulness, sacrifices and commitment of an army speaking behind that has written an episode of history with no match to be found anywhere in the world. He confidently puts it as, “Zarb-e-Azb was launched against terrorists of all hues and colour, with sanctuaries of terrorists dismantled during the operation without discrimination,” These are the words of the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), General Raheel Sharif on two year successful completion of the operation Zarb-e-Azb, and, today, Pakistan is a safer place than it was before the launch of Operation Zarb-e-Azb in 2014.

Inception of Operation Zarb-e-Azb

With the full support of political Government, the Pakistan military launched a full scale military offence Zarb-e-Azb on 15th June 2014 with the staunch determination to wipe out hotbeds of militants in North Waziristan Agency (NWA) that isa strategically important agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) bordering Afghanistan.

The operation is named as Zarb-e Azab.‘Azb’ refers to one of the seven swords of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) that was he carried along in the Ghazwaz of Uhad and Badr to strike hard infidels. Zarb-e-Azb means “swift and conclusive strike”not over yet.

Suicide bombings, target killing, fatalities by violence, and terrorist attacks had plagued the peace of Pakistan since a decade.In Pakistan, the presence of militant groups in NWA was seen as major cause of worst terrorist attacks in last few years. Militant wings had stronghold in NWA and terrorist wings were active in using Pakistan’s own soil for their nefarious designs. On 8 June 2014, militants group attacked Jinnah International Airport in Karachi which led toprompt inception of the Operation Zarb-e-Azb.

The defenders of Pakistan initiated the operation with unflinching faith and undaunted commitment toeradicate the scourge of terrorism while fighting without any discrimination of “good” and “bad” Taliban.

 Undoubtedly, it was an uphill task to fight in the most treacherous terrain but Pakistan armed forces proved its invincibility with an unwavering resolve, as the motherland’ peace and progress has always remainedparamount for Pakistan Armed forces.

Undaunted soldiers of Pakistan armed forces, successfully targeted sanctuaries and safe havens of Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Punjabi Taliban, East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM), Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and Al-Qaeda and all other miscreant militant outfits on the harshest terrain of the world withvalour.

Global acknowledgments

Many global and domestic security portals saw operation Zarb-e-Azb as an instrument of peace in country. There is long list of various military, civil leaders and forums across the globe that generously acknowledged and praised the success of the Operation Zarb-e-Azb.

TheUS State Department country reports on Terrorism, released inearlier June 2016, appreciated Pakistan’s efforts to curb terrorism and maintained that Pakistan “remained a critical counterterrorism partner in 2015.”

The report further acknowledges the operation Zarb-e-Azab and reads, throughout 2015, “the Pakistani military continued ground and air operations in North Waziristan and Khyber Agency to eliminate terrorist safe havens and recover illegal weapons caches.”

Statistical data endorses theunparalleled   success of operation

While analyzing various sources that mostly matched, it was found that the number of terror related incidents have gone down since the inception of Zarb-e-Azb.Concurrently, the percentage of the global terrorism surged form 40-50%, however, terrorism decreased from 40-45% in Pakistan, as per precise security reports published in 2016.

Figures speak the truth. In the wake of Zarb-e-Azb the number of terror related incidents, terrorist activities; suicide bombings have witnessed dip in Pakistan.

The Global terrorism index (GTI) 2015, complied by the international research group the Institute for Economics and Peace, analyses impact of terrorism on global community. The report conceded success of Zarb-e-Azb and stated “Pakistan was the only country in the ten most impacted countries that saw a decline in deaths and accordingly it dropped from third to fourth.”

 *Data retrieved from SATP till June 26, 2016

In 2015, many security analysts agreed thatthe number of the Suicide attacks, Terrorists attacks and fatalities in terrorist attacks decreased in Pakistan with impressive numbers.According to South Asian terrorism Portal, in Pakistan, during 2013, terrorists carried out 43 attacks, however, during 2015, 2016 the number of suicide attacks plummeted in country and the credit obviously goes to the operation Zarb-e-Azb.

Decreased percentage of civilian casualties from terrorist violence (2014-2016) SATP till June 26, 2016

According to data retrieved from the South Asia Terrorism Portal till June 26 2016, the fatalities of civilians from terrorist violence are declining in number, the year the operation Zarb-e-Azb was launched. Civilian fatalities, has been dropped to 40 percent in 2014 and 65 percent in 2015 and 74 percent in 2016.

Source: SATP *Data till 3 July, 2016

Thanks to Zarb-e-Azb, the number of civilian fatalities in terrorist violence shrank from horrible four digit figure to triple digit within launch of one year. In 2013, before Zarb-e-Azb , 3001 civilians killed in terrorist violence. In 2015, the causalities decreased to 532 to 308 in 2016.

Fact sheet of two year achievements

The facts released by the ISPR on the two year completion of the operation Zarb-e-azb are self-explanatory to manifest the success of the operation.

Over 4,000 square kilometers of land in North Waziristan, including the most treacherous and rugged terrain of Shawal, has been cleared of terrorists, which included 900 terrorists of proscribed militant organization Lashkar-e-Islam. 

The valiant Pakistan Army successfully carried out 19000 Intelligence-based operations (IBOs) were carried out which were based on interrogation and lead generations.

Pakistan Army also seized around 243 tons of explosives, enough to make IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices) for 17 years, shut down 7,500 bomb factories, and a total of 3500 terrorists were killed, wiped out 992 safe havens and sanctuaries of terrorists.

Our 4900 soldiers including 17 officers embraced sacred status of martyrdom, and over 2000 valiant Ghazis wounded during the past two years.

Uplift programmes introduced by the Pakistan Army

Pakistan military introducedvarious uplift programmes and activities for the development and rehabilitation of the area.

On 14 June 2016, the COAS visited North and South Waziristan expressed solidarity with natives and categorically emphasized, “Development of FATA is a priority task being undertaken by the army as part of a comprehensive plan. These projects will improve the quality of life in the tribal areas, usher in a new era of economic prosperity and address the problem of militancy in the long term.”

The COAS inaugurated various infrastructure and developmentprogrammes, including the 72km long Miranshah – Razmak - Makeen dual carriage road which is part of the 705km Central Trade Corridor. The proposed road will decrease distances of several hours to a few hours between the North and South Waziristan after completion. 

Earlier, Pakistan army introduced a “de-weaponisation” campaign in North Waziristan and registered approximately, 3,000 tribesmen under the campaign.

Pakistan Army has undertaken 567 projects in the social, communication, infrastructure and power sectors in Waziristan.

While staying determined on the Temporary Displaced People (TDPs) issue, Pakistan military generously helped to return around 61% TDPs to their hometowns while the remaining TDPs are expected to be repatriated by December, 2016.

Army units, particularly its engineers, have been engaged in building in infrastructure and road developments in the reconstruction phase of the operation. For the stated purpose, FWO and engineering units are working day and night in construction of roads, bridges, schools, mosques, basic health units and water supply schemes in the North and South agencies.

Conclusion

Zarb-e_azb has accentuated   positive effect on Pakistan’s security, stability and progress. The mega project of $ 42 billion CPEC was initiated after satisfactory security situation in Pakistan. With defeating terrorism, the Pakistan Armed Forces have gifted the nation with the peace that guarantees prosperity under CPEC. It has not only paved the way for a promising future but has also restored the confidence of a nation that was shattered by the terror waves during these two decades. With the output of the operation praised worldwide, all the strategic stakeholders in the region should now be left with little doubt about the sheer sincerity of Pakistan in fighting the menace of terrorism.

Now, so as to save the country from the ever present monster of extremism the world, especially the US, should now look towards working with Pakistan in a cordial manner whereby giving due regard to the reality of its problems and not leaving it alone as has been a precedent in the past.

Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad (Urdu: آپریشن رد الفساد‬‎) is a codename of a combined efforts by the Pakistani military in support of local law enforcement agencies to disarm and eliminate the hidden terrorist sleeper cells across the country on 22 February 2017.[2] The operation is aimed at eliminating the threat of terrorism, and consolidating the gains of Operation Zarb-e-Azb which was launched in 2014 as a joint military offensive. It is further aimed at ensuring the security of Pakistan's borders. The operation will see active participation from Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan Navy, Pakistan Police and other Civil Armed Forces managed under the Ministry of Interior.

The operation entailed the conduct of Broad Spectrum Security (Counter Terrorism) operations by Rangers in Punjab, continuation of ongoing operations across the country and focus on more effective border security management.[3] Countrywide disarmament and explosive control were also given as additional objectives of the operation. The National Action Plan was pursued as the hallmark of this operation.[4]

Etymologies[edit]

Radd-ul-Fasaad (Urdu: رد الفساد‬‎) literally means "elimination of discord".[2]Radd means "rejection". Fasaad is synonymous to the Arabic word Fitna which means "civil strife".[5]

Background[edit]

In the month of February 2017, the terrorist group Jamaat-ul-Ahrar launched Operation Ghazi with several suicide attacks across Pakistan. Under the general consensus by some "top notch" defense "analysts", army personnel and general public. According to media, Jammat-ul-Ahrar claimed the responsibility of these terror attacks and said this is the revenge of Abdul Rashid Ghazi's death who was shot dead by Pakistan army in Lal Masjid during Operation Sunrise. Soon Pakistan army's ISPR announced the launch of Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad.[6]

February 2017 terror attacks[edit]

  • 1 February – Three security personnel and six civilians were injured on Tuesday when a roadside blast targeted a Frontier Corps convoy in Charsadda.
  • 6 February – At least two policemen were injured in a militant attack at Thana Mandan police station in Bannu
  • 7 February – Four people including two security men were injured in an explosion on Tuesday near a Levies check post in Chaman, a border town adjacent to Afghanistan.
  • 10 February – Five students were injured in a roadside bomb blast in Arang area of Bajaur Agency.
  • 10 February – At least one child was killed and four others injured when an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) went off at Arang area.
  • 12 February – Samaa TV Journalist Taimoor Khan killed in an incident. Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan claimed the responsibility.[7]
  • 12 February – Five security personnel were injured in a roadside bomb blast in Bajaur Agency's Mamond tehsil
  • 12 February – 3 FC Personnel killed in South Waziristan IED Explosion.[8]
  • 13 February – A blast outside the provincial assembly in Lahore killed at least 14 people and injured more than 87 others.[9]
  • 13 February – Two killed in Quetta IED blast.[10]
  • 15 February – At least two people killed and seven others injured in a suicide blast in Peshawar's Hyatabad area.[11]
  • 15 February – 5 People including 3 Levies personnel killed and Eight others were injured in a suicide attack in Mohmand Agency.[12]
  • 15 February – Intelligence agency man shot dead in Nowshera firing.[13]
  • 16 February – Three soldiers martyred, two injured in an IED explosion in Awaran.[14]
  • 16 February – At least 88 people were killed and over 350 others injured when a suicide bomber blew himself up in the Shrine of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar in Sehwan, 125 kilometers north of Jamshoro.[15]
  • 16 February – Attack on police vehicle kills Five three were also injured.[16]
  • 17 February Three Frontier Corps personnel were injured after militants from Afghanistan attacked a Pakistani border check post in Khyber Agency. The ISPR reported that some militants were killed during the exchange.[17]
  • 19 February A cracker blast reported in Hyderabad's Naya pul leaving 15 passerby wounded.[18]
  • 20 February Five hurt in Nadra firing incident in Quetta.
  • 21 February Three suicide bombers targeted a sessions court in Tangi, Charsadda District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, killing 6 people and injuring more than 20 others.[19]
  • 21 February At least two people died while another was injured in a landmine blast in Dera Bughti.

Timeline[edit]

2017[edit]

February[edit]

On 23 February 2017, at least 45 suspects were arrested in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Joint operations were conducted in Westridge, Dhoke Hassu and Bakery Chowk area of Cantt.[20] The Frontier Corps (FC) and intelligence agencies foiled a major terror plot near Loralai, Balochistan. The security forces recovered 23 Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) during the joint targeted operation.[21]

On 26 February 2017, the apex committee of Punjab decided to expedite ongoing operation against terrorists across the province.[22] The ISPR said that at least four terrorists were killed and more than 600 suspects detained in over 200 raids conducted by the Rangers across Punjab.[23] The raids were conducted in various parts of Punjab, including Karor, Layyah and Rawalpindi.[24]

March[edit]

On 17 March 2017, at least three Pakistani soldiers and eight Taliban militants were killed when insurgents launched cross-border attacks on military training facilities in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province.[25]

April[edit]

On 14 April 2017, at least nine suspected Pakistani Taliban fighters and three soldiers were killed during a paramilitary raid in the Basti Dadwani area of Dera Ghazi Khan.[26]

On 20 April 2017, eight suspected TTP militants were killed by CTD in an intelligence based operation (IBO) in Sheikhupura.[27]

On 20 April 2017, five terrorists were killed and 11 apprehended during search and intelligence-based operations (IBO) carried out in different parts of the country during the last 24 hours.[28]

May[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2018)

June[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2018)

July[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2018)

August[edit]

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22 millitants along with 1 commander surrendered in Quetta

September[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2018)

October[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2018)

November[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2018)

December[edit]

Main article: 2017 Peshawar Agriculture Directorate attack

On 3 December 2017, 11 BRA millitants held in Balochistan raids.

On 8 December 2017, Surrender of 300 millitants in Quetta along with 17 commanders.

2018[edit]

January[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abc"Former TTP spokesperson Ehsanullah Ehsan has surrendered: ISPR". The Express Tribune. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  2. ^ ab"Pakistan Army launches 'Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad' across the country". Dawn. 22 February 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  3. ^"Pak Army announced the Radd ul Fasad Operation". jang.com.pk. 
  4. ^"Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad". ispr.gov.pk. 
  5. ^Gauhar, Humayun. "'Rejection of discord and disharmony'". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 26 February 2017.  
  6. ^"Army launches Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad against terrorists across the country". Express Tribune. 22 February 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  7. ^Khan, Tahir (13 February 2017). "TTP claims responsibility for attack on Samaa TV van in Karachi – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  8. ^"Three FC personnel killed in South Waziristan IED explosion – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. 13 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  9. ^"Senior police officers among 13 killed as suicide bomber strikes Lahore – Pakistan". Dawn.com. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  10. ^Zafar, Mohammad. "Two killed in Quetta IED blast – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  11. ^Firdous, Iftikhar. "One killed in suicide attack on Peshawar judges – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  12. ^Firdous, Iftikhar. "Five, including three Levies men, killed in Mohmand Agency suicide attack – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  13. ^Arshad Ali. "Intelligence agency official killed in Nowshera | Khyber News -Official Website". Khybernews.tv. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  14. ^"Three personnel, including army captain killed in Balochistan IED blast – The Express Tribune". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  15. ^"At least 70 dead as bomb rips through Lal Shahbaz shrine in Sehwan, Sindh – Pakistan". Dawn.com. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  16. ^"DI Khan: Attack on police vehicle kills four – Pakistan – Dunya News". Dunyanews.tv. 16 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  17. ^"Two FC personnel injured in 'terrorist attack' on Pak-Afghan border – Pakistan". Dawn.com. 17 February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  18. ^"BREAKING: Blast reported in Hyderabad". Pakistan Tribe. 19 February 2017. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  19. ^"3 bombers killed during attack on Charsadda court: officials". Dawn. 21 February 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  20. ^"Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad: Security forces arrest 45 suspects in Islamabad, Rawalpindi". Dunya News. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  21. ^"Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad: Forces foil major terror plot in Balochistan". Geo News. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  22. ^Khan, Rameez (26 February 2017). "Civil-military huddle decides to expedite 'Radd-ul-Fasaad' in Punjab". Express Tribune. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  23. ^Gabol, Imran (26 February 2017). "Four killed, 600 arrested during crackdown in Punjab". Dawn. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  24. ^"Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad: Four dead, over 600 held in Punjab sweep". Express Tribune. 26 February 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017. 
  25. ^"Pakistan: 3 soldiers, 8 militants killed in operation". The Indian Express. 
  26. ^Hashim, Asad (15 April 2017). "12 killed during military raid in central Pakistan". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  27. ^"8 militants killed as security personnel bust TTP cell in Sheikhupura: CTD". The Express Tribune. 20 April 2017. 
  28. ^"Raddul Fasaad: 5 killed, 11 arrested in operations across Pakistan, says ISPR" (Dawn (newspaper)). 27 April 2017. 

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